[Gilgamesh] was the man to whom all things were known; this was the king who knew the countries of the world. He was wise, he saw mysteries and knew secret thingsā€¦

Gilgamesh sounds the tocsin for his amusement, his arrogance has no bounds by day or night. No son is left with his father, for Gilgamesh takes them all, even the children; yet the king should be a shepherd to his people. His lust leaves no virgin to her lover, neither the warrior’s daughter nor the wife of the noble; yet this is the shepherd of the city, wise, comely, and resolute.

Thus begins the description of Gilgamesh, in the epic poem from the Mesopotamian civilisation. Written approximately in 3rd millennium BC (1500 years before Homer wrote Illiad).